Preventing deep vein thrombosis is important to prevent pulmonary embolism, which can lead to serious complications. Medications, such as anticoagulants, may be given to certain surgical patients to prevent deep vein thrombosis.
Those patients who have had a previous clot should follow the instructions of their physician.
Preventing deep vein thrombosis caused by long periods of sitting or reclining involves moving the lower leg. Flexing (bending) the knees may be helpful.
Other preventative measures may include:
- Getting up and moving as soon as possible after surgery or illness, as movement can help to prevent clots from forming by stimulating blood circulation
- A pneumatic compression device, which looks like a special fitted sleeve, placed on the legs to help keep blood moving during some types of surgery
- Elastic stockings to reduce swelling and promote circulation
Consult your physician for diagnosis and treatment.